By Thera Marie Crane, Larry M. Hyman, Simon Nsielanga Tukumu
This e-book provides the 1st documentation of Nzadi, a Bantu language spoken via fishermen alongside the Kasai River within the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). it's the manufactured from huge research by way of the authors and individuals in box equipment and staff examine classes on the collage of California, Berkeley, and contains ten chapters protecting the segmental phonology, tone approach, morphology, and sentence constitution, by means of appendices at the Nzadi humans and background and on Proto-Bantu to Nzadi sound alterations. additionally integrated are 3 texts and a lexicon of over 1100 entries, together with a few fish species. ahead of this paintings, Nzadi had now not even been pointed out within the literature, and at the moment nonetheless has no access as a language or dialect within the Ethnologue. Of specific curiosity within the research of Nzadi is its massive grammatical simplification, leading to buildings rather varied from these of canonical Bantu languages. even though Nzadi has misplaced lots of the inherited agglutinative morphology, there are nonetheless recognizable category prefixes on nouns and a reflex of noun category contract in genitive structures. different parts of specific curiosity are human/number contract, tense-aspect-mood marking, non-subject relative clause structures, and WH query formation. This succinct, yet complete grammar offers vast assurance of the phonological, grammatical and semantic houses that might be of strength curiosity not just to Bantuists, Africanists and people drawn to this region of the DRC, but additionally to typologists, basic linguists, and scholars of linguistics.
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Additional resources for A Grammar of Nzadi B865 : A Bantu language of Democratic Republic of Congo
O, a+e ! e, o+e ! e, and e+o ! o. 37] osim + é + muur osim + é + ibaa osim + é + oNgyEn ! ! osim e múùr osim ibáà osim oNgyE^n 31 ‘the person’s rope’ ‘the man’s rope’ ‘the stranger’s rope’ At first it might seem that /é/ is present only when followed by a consonant, as in the first example; however, the tone changes on the noun show that it is definitely there, but deleted. 38] cf. kó + ikç@çr@ kó + etúN kó + okáàr kó + akáàr kó + muur ! ! ! g. 39] cf. 40] perfect: ya á bva yàá bva ndé á bva ndáá bva nç á bva nàá bva bç á bva bàá bva mç á bva màá bva ‘you sg.
The remaining 9 cases of intervocalic consonant clusters are not systematic and are considered exceptional. Three are likely unanalyzable compounds: çngbatyEm ‘lizard’, N@g yizyâ ‘self’, o-la Ndil ‘to supervise’. The remaining are borrowings: keNglo& ‘bicycle’, o-pukmun ‘to tempt’, mámpa ‘bread’, kamyç^ ‘car’, oyánsi ‘a Yansi person’, mpaantru ‘trousers’. 5. pEtpE@t ‘softness’ diNdíN ‘middle of night’ Phonological rules A number of phonological rules affect vowels and consonants (also tones—see Chapter 3).
G. 39] cf. 40] perfect: ya á bva yàá bva ndé á bva ndáá bva nç á bva nàá bva bç á bva bàá bva mç á bva màá bva ‘you sg. etc. have fallen’ past: ya ó bvê yòó bve& ndé ó bvê ndóó bvê nç ó bvê nòó bvê bç ó bvê bòó bvê mç ó bvê mòó bvê ‘you sg. etc. fell’ progressive: ya é bve& yèé bve& ndé é bve& ndéé bve& nç é bve& nèé bve& bç é bve& bèé bve& mç é bve& mèé bve& ‘you sg. etc. are falling’ The pronouns m"‡` ‘1st person singular’ and b"‡ ‘1st person singular’ do not undergo coalescence. 41] cf. tí + ikç@çr@ tí + etúN tí + okáàr tí + akáàr tí + muur !