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Extra info for A lexical theory of quantification in ambiguous query interpretation
Second, the contrast between (b) and (c) does not explain the accepted convention in English that we can delete the fragment `that is' more or less freely without changing the semantics and that it is in fact encouraged to drop it. The \strangeness of (68) (b)" appears to come from the violation of a Gricean maxim, by explicitly using the semantically near-empty `that is'. 10 10 These examples indicate that it is not necessarily the object NP but a relative-clause- nal NP that can outscope the head quanti er.
Some student studied two dialects of every language. Two professors who interviewed every student wrote a letter. Two professors whom every student admired wrote a letter. 3). While (40) (a) has only four readings, (40) (b) apparently has an additional reading, in which every language outscopes some student, which in turn outscopes two dialects (May, 1985). And the only clue for this di erence between readings of sentences (a) and (b) is in the surface structure, or in the surface position of the complex NP containing two quanti ers.
We need a thorough cross-linguistic study to substantiate this observation, but it is beyond the scope of the dissertation. We have shown that the hypothesis makes a reasonable prediction on the number of available quanti cational readings for a small selected group of English sentences. 3 considers a wider range of English constructions to check the hypothesis. 2 ASSUMPTIONS ON SCOPE ASSESSMENT In the following discussion of scope readings, we assume the following: The studied readings involve only quanti cational NP interpretations, as explained in Chapter 2.