Download Accelerating E-Mobility in Germany: A Case for Regulation by Markus Adam PDF

By Markus Adam

This ebook tackles the matter of the inadequate and costly charging infrastructure in Germany. It assesses the inability of charging infrastructure for electrical cars with reference to regulatory and festival legislations, in addition to monetary facets. The criminal strategies proposed right here may possibly eventually serve to provide e-motorists round the nation hugely effective and in your price range charging options.

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25). 27 Federal Cartel Office (2011, p. 20). 28 Federal Network Agency and Federal Cartel Office (2014, p. 19). 29 Federal Network Agency and Federal Cartel Office (2014, p. 148). 24 25 22 2 Network Access Pursuant to § 20 EnWG “‘recharging or refuelling point accessible to the public’ means a recharging or refuelling point to supply an alternative fuel which provides Union-wide non-discriminatory access to users. Non-discriminatory access may include different terms of authentication, use and payment;” In the explanatory memorandum of the draft for the German charging stations regulation,30 which is intended to implement the provisions of Directive 2014/94/EU into national law, a paraphrase of the characteristic “public” is found, which has already been proved useful in § 35 VwVfG to define and make a distinction between the terms “public” and “non-public”.

2). European Commission (2014). 38 The only exception here was the so-called „Hamburger Model“, see Sect. 5. 39 Heinlein (2013, p. 219). 37 26 2 Network Access Pursuant to § 20 EnWG the publicly accessible charging station is now mentioned in § 49 EnWG and § 53b no. 1 EnWG. Above all, the explanatory memorandum to § 53b no. 1 EnWG leads to the assumption that the legislature actually assigned the charging station to a non-specified category of energy systems. ” distinguishes the charging station from the energy supply system, so that on this reading the publicly accessible charging stations are indeed energy systems, but not customer facilities and also not part of the power grid.

7 to smart metering systems as defined in Article 2 point 28 of Directive 2012/27/EU (Energy Efficiency Directive) is another indication that charging stations are to be treated as part of the electricity grid. However, one must admit that the regulations in Art. 4 para. 8 to 11 of the AFI-Directive at first glance allow for a different way of looking at the classification of charging stations. In Art. 8 it stipulates that charging station operators generally may purchase energy from any energy provider and that the operator of the charging points may also provide services for recharging of electric vehicles to customers.

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