By Olayiwola Abegunrin
In this twenty-first century, Africa has develop into a major resource of the United States’ strength imports and the world's common assets. It has additionally develop into the epicenter of the world’s lethal well-being epidemic, HIV/AIDS, and one of many battlegrounds within the struggle opposed to terrorism. With Nigeria and South Africa prime the continent, Africa has develop into a huge participant to be reckoned with within the worldwide affairs.
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Extra info for Africa in Global Politics in the Twenty-First Century: A Pan-African Perspective
Following the March 21, 1960 Sharpeville massacre, Nigeria spearheaded the UN in the international campaign against apartheid and racial discrimination in South Africa. Nigeria received a wide global support for the designation of apartheid as a heinous crime against humanity. As a strategy of accelerating the momentum of its campaign against the white minority regime, Nigeria also canvassed for the imposition of comprehensive and mandatory sanctions against South Africa. In an Address to the Special Political Committee of the UN General Assembly in 1961, Nigeria’s Foreign Minister reiterated the country’s position on the issue of decolonization and racial discrimination, and said, “The independence of African states will be meaningless, if in other parts of African continent black men did not have freedom.
The discriminatory laws promulgated between 1948 and 1958 following the institutionalization of apartheid best illustrated this strategy. These included the Group Areas Act, which provides for total residential segregation between the different races. 24 Through these obnoxious and other repressive laws that were subsequently enacted, the African majority in South Africa were subjected to all manners of indignities and denied their fundamental human and civil rights. Black South Africans were also denied equal access to social services and economic resources.
This phase came to a successful conclusion with the inauguration of civilian democratic regimes in both countries. Obasanjo became the President of Nigeria on May 29, 1999, and Thabo Mbeki was elected as the second democratic President of South Africa in June 1999. Thus, the end of the decade marked its uniqueness of the dictatorship in Nigeria and the racist apartheid system in South Africa, and for a new era of Nigeria–South Africa relations from the end of the twentieth to twenty-first century.