By Renzhi Hou
This booklet is set the town of Peiping in China, sometimes called Beijing and Peking, and a urban of serious ancient value. Divided into 3 elements, this paintings explores Peiping first as a frontier urban at a time while the good Wall was once validated, from the Chou dynasty (ca.1122—220 B.C.) until eventually the T’ang Dynasties as much as the Khitan career (A.D. 590—937). the second one half explores Peiping because it turns into a countrywide centre, during the Liao Dynasty and the Chin Dynasty, until eventually 1234, and the 3rd half explores the way it turned the capital of the chinese language empire, until eventually 1911. This paintings is a ancient geography and the advent info topographical positive factors and geographical kinfolk of the town, describing the way the mountains upward push from the obvious growing concave hands to surround Peiping, resulting in the identify, the ‘Bay of Peiping’. We research that the mountains usually achieve over 3000ft and feature virtually no foot-hills, when the bay itself is full of sediments of gravel, sand, loam and loess which were deposited in horizontal strata, to an excellent intensity. a number of illustrations and figures are incorporated, and readers will see how the town sits among rivers, the Hun (浑河 or Muddy River) and the Pai (白河 or White River). those chapters display how each one river has made its contribution to the fabric improvement of town and its environs, together with via irrigation and because the Hun River shifted its direction. due to the geography of the sector, just about all roads best from the northern lands of Mongolia and Manchuria to the good undeniable of North China within the south are sure to converge at Peiping. The historic effects of this, in addition to neighborhood weather stipulations and different facets of geography are explored during this ebook, which lines the historic upward thrust to eminence of Peiping.
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Additional resources for An Historical Geography of Peiping
Hsing (邢) 27. Fan (凡) 28. Chiang (蒋) 29. Mao (茅) 30. Tsu (胙) D. Shansi E. Hopei F. Hupei In this map, the state of Yen is the most remote from the royal domain as well as from the central part of the empire where the majority of the feudal states were concentrated. Thus, the essential character of Yen as a frontier state from the very beginning of its establishment is clearly revealed. It is true that at least one other state, the state of Tan, was situated far away near the southern fringe of expansion and seems to have been well-balanced in geographical position with the state of Yen in the remote north.
E. 10 Land communication was further developed during the Han dynasty. The city Chi occupied definitely an important position in the network of the imperial highways of Ch’in and Han, but it still remained a frontier city as implied in the above quotation. Moreover, both Ch’in and Han had made territorial conquests in many directions. But our chief concern here is with the territories adjacent to the former feudal state of Yen. As stated in the previous chapter, the state of Yen had already included the lower Liao valley within its boundary.
However, not all parts of the frontier are of equal importance. The most critical part of it happens to be the section north and northeast of Peiping where the Yen Shan barrier lies. 14 And it is chiefly in relation to this most critical part of the frontier that the city has risen to eminence. References 1. Weng Wen-hao. (1920). Chui Chih Chi (翁文灏《锥指集》, A collection of geological essays). Peiping: National Geological Survey of China. 2. Yeh, L. F. (1920). The geology of Hsi-shan or the western hills of Peking.