By George J. Sanchez
Twentieth-century la has been the locus of 1 of the main profound and intricate interactions among version cultures in American historical past. but this examine is one of the first to envision the connection among ethnicity and id one of the greatest immigrant team to that urban. by means of concentrating on Mexican immigrants to la from 1900 to 1945, George J. Sánchez explores the method during which transitority sojourners altered their orientation to that of everlasting citizens, thereby laying the root for a brand new Mexican-American tradition. interpreting not just formal courses geared toward those newbies via the USA and Mexico, but in addition the realm created by means of those immigrants via kinfolk networks, spiritual perform, musical leisure, and paintings and intake styles, Sánchez uncovers the artistic methods Mexicans tailored their tradition to existence within the usa. while a proper repatriation crusade driven hundreds of thousands to come to Mexico, these ultimate in l. a. introduced new campaigns to achieve civil rights as ethnic americans via hard work unions and New Deal politics. The immigrant new release, hence, laid the foundation for the rising Mexican-American identification in their youngsters.
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Additional info for Becoming Mexican American: Ethnicity, Culture and Identity in Chicano Los Angeles, 1900-1945
Fortunately, the work of pioneer anthropologists such as Robert Redfield and Manuel Gamio provide us with descriptions of early twentieth-century village life in central Mexico. More recently, historians of Mexico such as Luis Gonzalez and Carlos B. Gil have written "microhistories" of several municipalities, works which resemble the community studies that have been written over the last two decades by American social historians. Studies by other social scientists working in Mexican villages in the post—World War II era, such as Erich Fromm and George M.
Ethnicity, therefore, was not a fixed set of customs surviving from life in Mexico, but rather a collective identity that emerged from daily experience in the United States. As such, ethnicity arose not only from interaction with fellow Mexicans and Mexican Americans but also through dialogue and debate with the larger cultural world encountered 12 Becoming Mexican American in Los Angeles. Whether accommodation, resistance, or indifference marked an individual's stance toward American culture, everyone reacted to living in the United States.
Approximately one and a half million Mexicans migrated northward between 1900 and 1930, most settling in the Southwest. This process eventually made Mexico one of the largest single sources of immigration to the United States. 3 This chapter will review those issues, but will also put into context the larger cultural questions raised by such a massive movement of people between two nations with unique histories. The railroads not only led to economic growth in Mexico and the American Southwest, they also facilitated the transmission of cultural values and practices between the two countries.