By Mia Korpiola
Swedish medieval marriage formation was once a method, written down within the secular legislation. although, it began to evolve a result of interplay with the medieval Catholic marriage doctrine, which keen on mutual phrases of consent. even supposing first the canon legislations of marriage, after which Lutheran marriage dogma encouraged the Swedish improvement, the belief of marriage as a method, such as numerous felony acts and observed through estate transfers, proved remarkably resilient. The pragmatic and rural personality of Sweden contributed to this, regardless of strain from canon and Roman legislation and makes an attempt at bringing marriage formation lower than ecclesiastical keep an eye on. Marrying through levels was once in itself unremarkable in Europe, however the felony starting place and ritual make medieval and sixteenth-century Sweden a different case examine.
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Extra info for Between Betrothal and Bedding
Ch. 5. 79 Axelsson, “Folkvisorna,” 226–228, 231, 235. 80 For England, see Ives, “ ‘Agaynst taking awaye of Women,’ ” esp. 29, 70–71; Dübeck, “Kvindernes retstilling,” 107. the process 37 maiden, the betrothed of the Danish magnate David Torstensson, to Norway in order to escape punishment. This breach of the peace legislation invoked outlawry and high fines of forty marks. 82 This concern for peace was shared in other countries, too, as abductions caused feuds, violence, enmity and disorder. 84 In this case it made no difference to the family fortune whether or not the woman was a willing party to an elopement or the resisting victim of a violent abduction.
Ylikangas, Valta ja väkivalta, 97–130. 36 Taussi Sjöberg, Rätten; Letto-Vanamo, Käräjäyhteisön oikeus, 189–225. See also Hespanha, “Savants et rustiques,” 11–16 and passim. introduction 15 also divided into larger districts (lagmandöme), each of which with their own lagman. The lagman, literally ‘law man’, was a nobleman, acting as a higher judge. The royal assizes convened in each province and there the king or his representatives administered justice. 37 That these judges, jurors and officials were laymen without university degrees or legal education until the mid- or late seventeenth century is a fundamental and characteristic feature of Swedish law.
1517. 15xx (the exact year is unknown). See also Brand, “‘Deserving’ and ‘Undeserving’ Wives,” 3; Phillips, Medieval Maidens, 32, 110–120. 1605, Samlingar af urkunder rörande Finlands historia, II, 182–183. 1517, 1279. For the Fincke family, see Ramsay, Frälsesläkter, 111. 62 Other laws were less liberal. 63 Some other Scandinavian laws also restricted a widow’s right to choose her second husband freely by implying that she consulted her kin—or the laws applied only to widows with neither father nor legitimate son alive.