By Gilles Proulx
Among France and New France is an soaking up examine lifestyles in another country the crusing vessels which plied the North Atlantic in the course of the French colonial period in North the United States. concentrating on the 1st half the eighteenth century and the Seven Years' battle interval, this booklet analyses 4 significant features of the crossing: martime site visitors and the outfit of vessels; the Atlantic direction and navigation; the folk and their occupations; and lifestyles aboard the send. jointly they current a desirable view of sea lifestyles. Gilles Proulx has used professional correspondence among the Minister of marine and the Canadian colonial experts, and the papers seized on boarded vessels, in addition to over 100 log-books and private diaries, to procure a wealth of element in regards to the rigours of the colonial shipboard event. furthermore, many pictures, either color and black and white, were integrated to demonstrate this intriguing interval in Canadian background.
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Extra resources for Between France and New France: Life Aboard the Tall Sailing Ships
French sailors had geographical maps of rectangular form with a network of equidistant parallels and meridians. 27 The charts used in the seventeenth century were drawn by French hydrographers such as Le Cordier du Havre, who was mentioned by Damblimont, the captain of the Arc en del in 1687. In the eighteenth century, the Dutch maps of Pieter Goos and Gerard Van Keulen (Figures 12 and 13) were used almost exclusively until 1740. According to their users, these charts were not very accurate for locating the Grand Banks or the sand bars and islands of the Gulf of St.
Sailing vessels could cover the 1,200 leagues (according to Lahontan)1 from La Rochelle to Quebec City in nine weeks, or the 711 leagues (accordin to Denys de Bonaventure)2 between France and Cape Breton in seven. The return voyage from Quebec City to France took five weeks, and from Louisbourg to France, four weeks. In practice, the vessels did not all travel at the same speed, as can be seen from Table 9. Royal vessels made the 54 13. New scaled-down chart of the Spanish Seas from the channel to Newfoundland to the Island of Cuba in America, 1734, Gerard Van Keulen.
The route taken by the Diane in 1755 (figure 11) is shown on a map from the Depot. Whereas th Dutch maps established their first meridian at Tenerife, French cartographers used the Paris Observatory. Although Bellin's maps were more reliable than the Dutch ones, they were not without their critics. Harbourmaster Pellegrin said they were fairly accurate concerning the route from the Grand Banks to the mouth of the St. Lawrence, but that the Green Banks and the shoals off lie St. 30 Generally, European maps were correct as far as the Gulf of St.