By Donghui Zhang
Zhang reviews 3 domain names of acculturation--language attitudes, cultural participation and social network--in relation to domestic language upkeep. Her effects point out that whereas most folks use chinese language as their dominant language, the vast majority of the second-generation young ones favor utilizing English. the several language attitudes and personal tastes accompany inter-generational clash. mom and dad see domestic language upkeep as severe to kin team spirit and second-generation childrens turn into language and cultural agents in the family members. Co-ethnic networks, together with ties, kids s co-ethnic friends, and the co-ethnic group, are very important forces that give a contribution to young children s domestic language upkeep.
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Extra resources for Between Two Generations: Language Maintenance and Acculturation Among Chinese Immigrant Families (The New Americans: Recent Immigration and American Society)
For example, Schnittker (2002)’s study on Chinese adult immigrants’ self-esteem shows that English language use is most beneficial to the immigrants’ self-esteem in neighborhoods with primarily non-Chinese residents. On the other hand, Chinese cultural participation is beneficial in all or most Chinese neighborhoods, but detrimental in neighborhoods with few or no Chinese. These findings refute the prevalent belief that assimilation is necessarily the most desirable acculturation outcome under all circumstances and support Portes & Rumbaut’s context-specific adaptation theory.
In these urban counties, the Chinese are typically located in the suburbs of large metropolitan areas or near colleges or universities. Table 8 shows the top ten big cities with the largest Asian population (due to the lack of specific information on Chinese). The Chinese Immigrants in the US and in Philadelphia 41 Table 7: Top Ten Cities with the largest Asian Population City New York, NY Los Angeles, CA San Jose, CA San Francisco, CA Honolulu, HI San Diego, CA Chicago, IL Houston, TX Seattle, WA Fremont, CA Population 8,008,278 3,694,820 894,943 Asians 872,777 407,444 257,571 776,733 371,657 1,223,400 2,896,016 1,953,631 563,374 203,413 253,477 251,686 189,413 140,517 114,140 84,649 80,979 Data source: The Asian Population: 2000, Census 2000 Brief, US Census Bureau, 2002a These demographic data indicate three distinct characteristics of the Chinese population.
The Yue dialect, which includes Cantonese, is found mostly in Guangdong Province, the southernmost province of China. Kejia (Hakka) has many users in small agricultural areas and are now scattered throughout southeastern China and Taiwan. Varieties of Min are spoken in Fujian as well as in Taiwan and Hainan Islands. Wu varieties are spoken in the lower Changjiang (the Yangtze River) region, which includes the heavily populated metropolitan area of Shanghai. Xiang varieties are mainly spoken in south central region.