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By Elizabeth Riddell-Dixon

This greater alliance gave precedence to negotiating an the world over appropriate treaty and safeguarding Canada's land-based nickel undefined. A moment coalition - officials from the dep. of Finance, the dep. of undefined, exchange, and trade, and the Ministry of country for technology and know-how - contended that the rush for quantitive regulations diverted awareness from the extra the most important parts of safety of technological and fiscal assets. Riddell-Dixon argues that the dominant coalition succeeded as a result of ministerial aid, structural and practical benefits, and an efficient selection of strategies. accordingly they have been in a position to deal with different family resources of overseas coverage. Canada and the foreign Seabed addresses numerous debates imperative to Canadian overseas coverage, together with the relative value of household determinants and foreign constraints, the character of intra-governmental decision-making, the connection among govt decision-makers and curiosity teams, the position of provincial governments in international coverage, and the position of overseas meetings in fixing worldwide problems.

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Extra resources for Canada and the International Seabed: Domestic Determinants and External Constraints

Example text

Especially after 1970, Canada's aim was to secure an international agreement that would protect its land-based mining industry from possible market disruptions when seabed mining began. These basic concerns were reflected in Canada's policies in the Seabed Committees. Canada abstained on the United Nations General Assembly's Resolution 35730 of 15 December 1969, which placed a moratorium on the 34 Canada and the International Seabed explorations and exploitations of the international seabed area until an international legal regime and machinery to regulate these activities had been agreed upon.

The industry was centered in the Sudbury Basin, Ontario, and around Thompson, Manitoba. It was critical to the well-being of these communities for it provided the residents with jobs. The municipal governments in both Sudbury and Thompson, as well as the labour unions representing the nickel miners, viewed unregulated production from the deep seabed as a threat to their industry and expressed such concerns to Ottawa. Because nickel mining was geographically concentrated and the federal politics of the day were so delicately balanced, it became of political import.

The second group of secondary readings consisted of theoretical and empirical studies of Canada's foreign policy-making process and the role of interest groups within that process. These studies provided hypotheses not only with regard to which factors and actors were most important but also apropos the dynamics of the policy-making process. As such they offered a convenient benchmark against which the findings of this case could be measured. CHAPTER TWO Canada's Interests Before any examination of Canada's policies at UNCLOS III, their evolution, and the means by which they were pursued, it is imperative to explore the breadth and depth of the Canadian interests in these law of the sea negotiations.

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