By Castoriadis, Cornelius; Adams, Suzi; Castoriadis, Cornelius
This publication is the 1st systematic reconstruction of Castoriadis' philosophical trajectory. It severely translates the interior shifts in Castoriadis' ontology via reconsideration of the traditional problematical of 'human establishment' (nomos) and 'nature' (physis), at the one hand, and the query of 'being' and 'creation', at the different. not like the order of physis, the order of nomos performed no mammoth function within the improvement of western proposal: the 1st a part of the ebook means that Castoriadis sought to treatment this along with his elucidation of the social-historical because the sector of being elusive to the determinist imaginary of inherited philosophy. This ontological flip was once introduced with the book of his magnum opus The Imaginary establishment of Society (first released in 1975) that is reconstructed as Castoriadis' lengthy trip via nomos through 4 interconnected domain names: ontological, epistemological, anthropological, and hermeneutical respectively. because of archival resources, the second one 1/2 the publication reconstructs a moment ontological shift in Castoriadis' proposal that happened in the course of the Eighties. right here it argues that Castoriadis extends his inspiration of 'ontological construction' past the human realm and into nature. This flow has implications for his total ontology and indications a shift in the direction of a common ontology of inventive physis. The expanding ontological significance of physis is mentioned additional in chapters on target wisdom, the residing being, and philosophical cosmology. It means that the realm horizon kinds an inescapable interpretative context of cultural articulation - within the double feel of Merleau-Ponty's mise en forme du monde - during which physis may be elucidated because the floor of probability, in addition to some extent of end result for nomos within the circle of interpretative production. The ebook contextualizes Castoriadis' suggestion inside broader philosophical and sociological traditions. specifically it situates his concept inside French phenomenological currents that take both an ontological and/or a hermeneutical flip. It additionally locations a hermeneutic of modernity - that's, an interpretation that emphasizes the continued discussion among romantic and enlightenment articulations of the area - on the centre of mirrored image. Castoriadis' reactivation of classical Greek assets is reinterpreted as a part of the continued discussion among the ancients and the moderns, and extra greatly, as a part of the interpretative box of tensions that contains modernity
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Extra info for Castoriadis's ontology : being and creation
Castoriadis established an affinity between the social-historical and the imagination, although it is spelled out more in the 1965 part of the IIS. However, as Castoriadis wrote later in the IIS preface (noted earlier), a properly philosophical elucidation of the imagination is absent. Nonetheless, the task of introducing it was there from the beginning, together with the elucidation of the social-historical and critique of traditional approaches. The actual phrase Castoriadis uses here is: ‘‘In particular, the regions considered here—the radical imaginary and the social-historical—imply a profound questioning of the received significations of being as determinacy and of logic as determination’’ (p.
However, I note the shift from the first part of the IIS—pre-magma—where he referred to the social world as a ‘‘system of significations’’ (p. 146). He does not explain further whence he was inspired to use the idea of magma. Its affinities are mainly—but not exclusively—geological, as molten rock material under the earth’s crust. It is a metaphor rather than a category; indeed, as Toward an Ontology of the Social-Historical ................. 18033$ $CH1 04-15-11 15:51:32 PS 39 PAGE 39 I shall show, the importance—even necessity—of metaphor for speaking of being as magma is well founded.
This can be illustrated by the case of the creative imagination. Glimpses of the creative imagination can be occasionally found in the history of philosophy, but each thinker who has tried to grapple with it has, in turn, recoiled from its ontological implications. Castoriadis proceeds to map what he sees as the key moments in the philosophical history of the imagination. First, Aristotle’s positing of phantasia in De Anima III (3) as reproductive, and as situated between sensation and intellect (p.