By M. Wesley
Casualties of the recent global Order contends that the excessive cost of failure between post-Cold struggle UN missions are as a result of universal weaknesses that are prone to civil warfare dynamics. those undertaking weaknesses derive from the excessive point of regulate over the missions' mandates and operations wielded by means of mixtures of self-interested and distracted UN member-states. the consequences of those weaknesses if tested within the failed missions in Bosnia, Somalia, and Angola, whereas their absence is saw within the winning missions to El Salvador, Mozambique, and Cambodia.
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Extra info for Casualties of the New World Order: The Causes of Failure of UN Missions to Civil Wars
If it is obviously a token response from the sponsoring coalition, trusting and cooperating with it will be seen as a risky option. Whatever their calculations, belligerents will always adjust their tactics to factor in the UN mission. The tactical modifications will be calculated to take advantage of the opportunities and to minimize the dangers of the UN presence. The greatest modification in tactics is the abandonment of war by a belligerent that decides to cooperate with the UN mission. This decision is usually linked to the belief that the peace process proposed by the UN will advance and protect its interests more effectively than the continued use of violence.
Hence the belligerents' military positions strongly determine their reaction to the presence of the UN mission. If the mission promises to rescue them from sudden catastrophe or impending defeat, they are likely to cooperate with the mission, despite other weaknesses within the mission. The success of the mission despite these vulnerabilities, however, depends on a similar decision to cooperate among all of the protagonists in the civil war. If any of the belligerents see the UN mission's presence as an impediment or threat to its military success, it is likely to work to frustrate or exploit the mission.
Primary in the calculations about the wisdom of abandoning or persevering with the war, is the success of the war, and the belligerent's military position and momentum. Each belligerent will question whether the continued use of violence will be the most effective course in promoting or protecting its interests. Furthermore, it will appraise the UN mission's proposal to see whether the promotion and protection of its interests will be better served through the UN intermediary than through violence.