By Susan S. Lazinger
This complete textual content clarifies the foundations and practices of descriptive and topic cataloging of Hebrew-alphabet fabrics. whilst it chronicles the ancient and descriptive cataloging and category traditions in facilities of Hebrew cataloging-Washington and Jerusalem. The authors offer directions for formulating headings and uniform titles; study and exhibit structures for transliteration and transcription; and hint (structurally and traditionally) class structures for Judaica, Hebraica, and Israelitica. Librarians with net entry to Israeli structures also will locate the instruments they should seek and comprehend these catalogs. This exploration and comparability of the methods of America's RLIN and Israel's ALEPH bibliographic networks closes with an research of the potential of replacing Hebrew bibliographic facts and a forecast of the implication of automation for the way forward for Hebrew cataloging all over the world.
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Extra info for Cataloging Hebrew Materials in the Online Environment: A Comparative Study of American and Israeli Approaches
28 One librarian reviewing a bibliography wrote '. . the main entries . . ' "29 26Ephraim Deinard, Koheleth America: Catalogue of Hebrew Books Printed in America from 1735-1925 (St. , 1926). 27 YIVO Institute for Jewish Research, The Yiddish Catalog and Authority File of the YIVO Library, edited by Zachary M. Baker and Bella Hass Weinberg (Boston: G. K. Hall, 1990), 5 vols. 28Bella Hass Weinberg, "Hebraica Cataloging and Classification, " In Cataloging and Classification of NonWestern Material: Concerns, Issues and Practices, edited by Mohammed M.
Hebraica title indexes have been used for many years by Judaica catalogers to find romanized author headings in these catalogs. In fact, the Library of Congress's 18 ISBD (M:): International Standard Bibliographic Description for Monographic Publications (London: International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions, Committee on Cataloguing, 1974). 19 [AACR2] Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules, 2nd ed. (Chicago: American Library Association, 1978). 20Oxford University. ] M. , 1852-1860, Zweite (Faksimile) Auflage (Berlin: Welt-Verlag, 1931), 3 vols.
Type 2 is a phoneme with no manifesting mark, or matching grapheme, such as the vowel in McCormack. Type 3 is a single phoneme that can be expressed by more than one grapheme, such as the sound o, which is written in English in a variety of ways, as witnessed in such words as oh, so, sew, hoe, beau, and though. Type 4, the opposite situation, is more than one phoneme represented by a single grapheme, such as the letter c in cat and cent. Type 5, a type not found in modern English, is the representation of a vestigial feature, or non-function, of an alphabet by a single mark.