By Douglas Ehring
Ehring indicates the inadequacy of obtained theories of causation, and, introducing conceptual units of his personal, offers a totally new account of causation because the patience through the years of person houses, or "tropes."
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Additional resources for Causation and Persistence: A Theory of Causation
And ifhis strategy for late preemption fails, any success with early preemption on the earlier approach is of little interest. The central issue thus becomes: does Lewis's extended analysis work for preemption? The answer is negative. Unextended counterfactual theory must reply to the charge that it treats preempt ing causes as nongenuine in cases oflate preemption. The extended analysis fixes that problem. The final effect will quasi-depend on events earlier in the main process. And this will hold of both early and late preemption.
If either does, the chance of survival is 50%. And even ifboth drugs reach the patient, the probability of recovery is still 50%. Hence, the probability of recovery just before the release of drug A is the same as the probability of recovery just after the release of drug A. 28 But as I indicated, there are a number of qualifications to Eells's basic account of token causation. We must now determine whether the release of drug A comes out as efficacious when these qualifications are brought into play.
As a consequence, David Lewis has weakened the requirements still further: events are causally connected if they are linked by a chain of events such that there is an intrinsically indistinguishable chain of events in some region or other (with different external circumstances) that does exhibit stepwise counterfactual dependence. However, as I will argue, this heavilyrevised form of counterfactual theory may save the efficacy of preempting causes, but it has the disastrous consequence that some preempted causes will also be judged efficacious.