By Mary Bosworth, Carolyn Hoyle, Lucia Zedner
Celebrating the fiftieth Anniversary of the Oxford Centre for Criminology, this edited choice of essays seeks to discover the altering contours of legal justice over the last part century and to think about attainable shifts over the following few many years. The query of the way social technological know-how disciplines strengthen and alter doesn't invite any effortless solution, with the duty made all of the tougher given the hugely politicised nature of a few matters and the risky, evolving prestige of its associations and practices. A for instance is legal justice: straight away rather parochial, a lot felony justice scholarship is now worldwide in its succeed in and topic components which are now authorized as vital to its examine - sufferers, restorative justice, defense, privatization, terrorism, citizenship and migration (to identify quite a few) - have been themes unknown to the self-discipline part a century in the past. certainly, such a lot criminologists could have as soon as stoutly denied they had whatever to do with it. Likewise, a few crucial themes of previous criminological consciousness, like probation, have mostly receded from educational consciousness and a few crucial legal justice associations, like Borstal and corporal punishment, have, no less than in Europe, been abolished. even though the rapidity and radical nature of this modification make it really very unlikely to foretell what legal justice will seem like in fifty years' time, mirrored image on such advancements may well help in knowing the way it arrived at its present shape and trace at what the long run holds. The members to this quantity were invited to mirror at the impression Oxford criminology has had at the self-discipline, offering a special and significant dialogue concerning the present nation of felony justice world wide and the origins and destiny implications of up to date practi
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Additional resources for Changing contours of criminal justice
What is the Standard Criminological Position on Thatcherism and the Criminal Justice System? Possibly the clearest summary of the criminological doxa on Thatcher’s impact on the criminal justice system is to be found in the work of Cavadino and Dignan, who write that ‘In the early 1980s, the Conservative government of Margaret Thatcher injected a heavy dose of [punitiveness] into penal policy. This meant being deliberately harsher in punishing offenders’ (2007: 6). Others have linked her government’s policies with criminal justice matters in much greater depth.
The dark vertical line marks Thatcher’s departure from office in November 1990. The dark grey shaded cells in the top lefthand side represent those Acts which one might consider to have been open to Thatcherite influence during key stages of their drafting. The 1991 Act is included as it would have been drafted during the late 1980s (Faulkner 2014: 64–6). 1 Charting changes in state-backed punitiveness (1982–98) Signifiers of Punitiveness 82 84 85 Acts (by year of enactment) 86 88 91 93 94 96 Decreases in punitiveness 97 98 T1 Limits to the use of imprisonment Increased rights for suspects Limits to police powers Diverting cases away from Crown Courts Decreases in actual levels of imprisonment Increases in punitiveness Increased post-prison release/community controls Increases in police powers/resources T2 T3 T4 Right to silence questioned or amended Increases in sentence lengths/imprisonment Mandatory sentences (or similar provisions) Changes to the burden of proof Unduly lenient sentences can be appealed ‘Failure to respond’ used in sentencing Increases in actual levels of imprisonment T5 T6 Increases in youth imprisonment Changes to case disclosure Limits to the use of bail Limits to the decision-making of parole boards Automatic life sentences Blurring of civil and criminal law 82 84 85 86 88 91 93 94 96 97 98 22 politics, legitimacy, and criminal justice intended to highlight the absence of decreases in punitiveness after 1991.
2010), ‘Policing’s New Visibility’, British Journal of Criminology, 50, 5: 914–34. , and Roberts, B. (1978), Policing the Crisis: Mugging, Law and Order and the State, Basingstoke: Palgrave/Macmillan. Harkin, D. (2015), ‘The Police and Punishment: Understanding the Pains of Policing’, Theoretical Criminology, 19, 1: 43–58. 14 politics, legitimacy, and criminal justice Herbert, N. , Speech to IPPR, available at: http://www. php/438/Who%20runs%20the%20police. King, A. (1975), ‘Overload: Problems of Governing in the 1970s’, Political Studies, 23, 2–3: 284–96.