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By George Amato, Rob DeSalle, Oliver A. Ryder, Howard C. Rosenbaum

Genome sequencing allows scientists to check genes over the years and to check the genetic variability of any type of existence, from micro organism to mammals. because of advances in molecular genetics, scientists can now ensure an animal's measure of inbreeding or examine genetic version of a captive species to wild or ordinary populations. Mapping an organism's genetic make-up recasts such phrases as biodiversity and species and allows the conservation of infrequent or threatened species, populations, and genes.

By introducing a brand new paradigm for learning and protecting existence at quite a few degrees, genomics bargains recommendations to formerly intractable difficulties in realizing the biology of advanced organisms and creates new instruments for retaining the styles and techniques of lifestyles on the planet. that includes a few high-profile researchers, this quantity introduces using molecular genetics in conservation biology and offers a old standpoint at the possibilities and demanding situations awarded by means of new applied sciences. It discusses zoo-, museum-, and herbarium-based organic collections, that have elevated during the last decade, and covers the guarantees and difficulties of genomic and reproductive expertise. the gathering concludes with the philosophical and felony problems with conservation genetics and their capability results on public policy.

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Extra resources for Conservation Genetics in the Age of Genomics

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Read. 1984. Factors eliminating inbreeding depression in a captive herd of Speke’s gazelle. Zoo Biology 3:177–199. Vekemens, X. and O. J. Hardy. 2004. New insights from fine-scale spatial genetic structure analyses in plant populations. Molecular Ecology 13:921–935. Waples, R. S. 1989. A generalized approach for estimating effective population size from temporal changes in allele frequency. Genetics 121:379–391. ——. 1991. , and the definition of “species” under the Endangered Species Act. Marine Fisheries Review 53:2–11.

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Ballou, and D. A. Briscoe. 2003. Introduction to conservation genetics. : Cambridge University Press. Freyfogle, E. T. and N. J. Lutz. 2002. Putting science in its place. Conservation Biology 16:863–873. , M. S. Roy, E. Geffen, and R. K. Wayne. 1996. Relationships and genetic purity of the endangered Mexican wolf based on analysis of microsatellite loci. Conservation Biology 10:376–389. , O. A. Ryder, L. G. Chemnick, and E. A. Thompson. 1993. Analysis of relatedness in the California condors, from DNA fingerprints.

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