By Carmen Luke
Starting from a poststructuralist place, developing the kid Viewer examines 3 a long time of U.S. examine on tv and youngsters. The e-book concludes that old techniques of the kid tv viewer are items of discourse and can't be taken to mirror goal, clinical truths concerning the baby viewer. approximately all educational reviews released from 1948 to 1979 at the topic are integrated during this quantity. each one gets shut textual research, making this an invaluable bibliographic source and reference publication.
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Additional resources for Constructing the Child Viewer: A History of the American Discourse on Television and Children, 1950-1980
Repeatedly the authors emphasized the importance of linking effects to a network of contributing social variables. Cressey and Thrasher, for instance, found no direct effects between movies and delinquency, noting that "a simple cause and effect relationship does not prevail. To say that the movies are solely responsible for anti-social conduct, delinquency, or crime is not valid" (Charters, 1933:13). Shuttleworth and May (1933) examined the attitudinal effects of movie stereotyping on children and found that movies did exert an influence on children's attitude formation, but "this influence is specific for a given child in a given movie" (Charters, 1933:16).
Harvey, 1989; Poster, 1984, 1989). Further, "the mass media do not transmit ideologies, they are themselves an ideology" (Eco, 1987:136). The new information politics are the new commodity relationships within which "the struggle over the means of producing discourse, over language and the practices of forming discourse, becomes the major locus of social life" (Wexler, 1987:124). And, as Mark Poster (1984:53) puts it, "labor now takes the form of men and women acting on other men and women, people acting on information and information acting on people.
Paradigmatically, modern social scientists and humanists alike take what appear as commonsense notions such as h u m a n nature, or the individual as "natural," and thereby as a logical unit of analysis, as ahistorical and universal givens. Yet, in fact, "the very notion of a h u m a n essence, the truth of specific individuals, is itself a product of discourse. . Our idea of individuality is itself a historical creation" (p. 117). The ahistoricity and universality of the subject's androcentric essentialism points to the importance of preserving a nonidealist concept of history, and of historical analyses.