By David Wiggins
This quantity gathers twelve essays by means of David Wiggins in a space the place his paintings has been relatively influential. one of the matters taken care of are: endurance of a substance via swap, the thought of a continuant, the common sense of identification, the co-occupation of house by means of a continuant and its topic, the relation of individual to human organism, the metaphysical suggestion of anyone, the prestige of artefacts, the relation of the 3-dimensional and 4-dimensional conceptions of fact, and the nomological underpinning of sortal class. From a far better physique of labor the writer has chosen, edited or annotated, and variously shortened or prolonged 11 items. He has additional an creation and one thoroughly new essay, at the philosophy of biology and the function there of the belief of technique. the gathering starts off with an essay postdating his Sameness and Substance Renewed (2001), which amends and upstages his past presentation of his sortalist belief of identification. In next essays and the advent Wiggins examines the contributions to those topics made via Heraclitus, Aristotle, Leibniz, Roderick Chisholm, Hilary Putnam, Sydney Shoemaker, Michael Ayers, Saul Kripke, W. V. Quine, David Lewis, Fei Xu, and others.
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Additional info for Continuants: Their Activity, Their Being, and Their Identity
IDENTITY , INDIVIDUATION , AND SUBSTANCE If we admit properties such as being the same person as Caesar or being the same building as the Pantheon, this principle is undeniable but useless. What we need here is a sufﬁcient condition which does not presuppose identity. One could try to follow Leibniz a little more closely. Claiming on the basis of his Principle of Sufﬁcient Reason that there could never be two individuals indiscernible from one another, Leibniz sometimes appears to have believed that relations, including relations that appear to us as temporal and spatial, all supervened or depended in some special way on the totality of the successive states of the true substances of the world.
After extensive repairs and modiﬁcations to the ship, can it not be insisted that the ship at sea is still the same working-ship as the ship launched by Theseus, even though it is no longer exactly a thirty-oar ship? And can it not be said also that the ship in the dry dock is one and the same thirty-oar ship as the ship launched by Theseus, even though it is not the same working-ship as the ship at sea? I reply No. Such tolerance will give real trouble. If we give the concept working ship the same sort of fundamental status as we give the thirty-oar ship concept and we allow working ship to be no less conclusory for the identity of Theseus’ ship than is thirty-oar ship, then we shall have a contradiction.
84. 25 It may be asked why, in the cases where no division takes place, we shouldn’t identify the zygote with the embryo—even as we shall identify the embryo with the future foetus and the foetus with the future baby. But in the case of the zygote which may divide that would be a failure to follow through the conception of human being that was motivated by the logic of identity. That logic demands that any true ground of identity should satisfy a requirement which is only the corollary of the Indiscernibility Principle.